BALINESE DANCE STYLE
unique nspect of Balinese social life is religion. The Hindu Bali
or Hindu-Dharma religion is full of ceremonies and it is therefore
not surprising that there are temples everywhere in Bali. Each village
has three kinds of temples: the pura puseh an ancient temple which
shows the origin of the village; the pura desa, the temple for official
village ceremonies; and the pura dalam, the death temple. There
are also various other temples such as the pura bedugul the agriculture
temple; pura bukit the mountain temple; pura sogara, the sea or
coast temple; pura melanting, the temple of the gods. The Balinese
kings also used to have private temples called pura panataran. There
is also a large group of temples, the Pura Besakih, one temple for
each of the kings of Buleleng, Bangli, Den Pasar, Gianyar, Negara,
Tabanan, Karangasern and Klungkung.
are two kinds of priests of the Hindu-Dharma religion, i.e. the
pedanda and the pemangku The podanda is a fully qualified Hindu
priest who only works at the special festivities which inaugurate
the annual purification of the village from demons and evil spirits.
Pemangku is a priest from the village, also as curator of the pura
(temple) he performs the actual ceremony in the temple of the community.
author has often referred to the role of dancing in religious ceremonies.
In Bali, nearly all dances are sacral, and because the Balinese
attach so much importance to dancing in their cremonies, dances
have been excellently preserved and cultivated.
dances of the native Balinese before the period of Hindu Javanese
influence were magical and sacral in nature but were gradually adapted
to the Hindu-Dharma religion. Apart from this kind of dances there
are also many other dances which are performed purely for entertainment.
to an old Balinese belief, the world is full of dangers that threaten
the lives of the people. This belief is rooted in Balinese society,
and to avoid these dangers, the people hold a great number of religious
observances throughout the year at fixed times. Some of the religious
offerings take the form of dances. There are even special dances
which function as a means of diverting threatening dangers, usually
diseases, an example of which is the-sungbyang dance.
dancing is such an important aspect of Balinese spiritual life,
it is not surprising that even the smallest Balinese children take
a great interest in dancing.
name a few of the many ceremonies held during the year, there is
the annual ceremony for driving away evil spirits; the ceremony
of prayer for the souls of the dead (the Galungan ceremony); the
ceremony for the peace and prosperity of the country; the rites
in honour of the birth of important deities; and so on. These ceremonies
are usually accompanied by dances and music. The Galungan ceremony,
which is a feast in honour of the souls of the ancestors, is full
of dances and music.
in human life which are considered -important subject to magic influence:
birth, first cutting of nails and hair, filing of teeth, piercing
of ear-lobes, contracting of marriage, and finally death. Cremation
of the corpse (Ngaben) is the most important ceremony for human
life because it is considered as most mysterious transition to another
life. For that reason it is accompained by a lot of offerings, dances
is a brief discussion of the historical development of dancing in
Bali, according to the classification of Indonesian dancing into
three periods explained in Chapters I and IL.During